Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
Kamchatka, Russia
 
Global Volcanism Program number
1000-09
Koriaksky

5319' N, 15843' E, summit elevation 3456 m



Fig.1


Fig.2

 
Fig.3

 
Fig.4


Koriaksky
volcano, along with Avachinsky, is located in the immediate vicinity of the cities of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (28 km) and Elizovo (25 km) as well as of the Elizovo international airport (Figs.1,2). Numerous populated sites and farms are located still closer to the volcano.

The onset of the Koriaksky volcano formation is dated back to the Late Pleistocene time. Based on the geological evidence Koriaksky is a little bit older than Avachinsky. In Early Holocene the peaks of Koriaksky activity exactly fit into repose periods of neighbouring Avachinsky volcano within the intervals ~9000-7250 and 6500-5700 14C years BP. At this time, Koriaksky produced andesitic lava flows, pyroclastic flows and minor ashfalls (Fig.3). Later eruptions produced mostly andesitic and basaltic andesite lava flows from the vents on the slopes of the volcano (Fig.4). The last strong eruption took place about 2870 14C years BP and resulted in formation of thick lava flows accompanied by extensive lahars.

In the course of the 19th-20th centuries Koriaksky volcano produced only weak phreatic eruptions and episodically enhanced its fumarolic activity. The last weak phreatic eruption took place in 1956-1957. In early 1994 an anomalous growth of seismic activity was registered beneath the volcano. The processing of digital data on this seismic swarm resulted in the identification of specific earthquakes probably indicating the places of fresh magma intrusions (Gordeev and Senyukov, 1999). Nowadays the fumarolic activity is associated with a sub-terminal fissure at the NW slope of the volcano. Erosion has produced deep barrancos at the slopes of the volcano.

Holocene erupted products of Koriaksky are dominantly moderate-K andesites and basaltic andesites.

Koriaksky volcano can be seriously hazardous even in case of a moderate eruption. Considering a 3000 yrs-long dormancy since the last strong eruption, the next eruption is likely to be rather strong and will cause ash-falls and lava flows. The latter will be accompanied by forest fires in summer and by lahars in any season.

Lilia Bazanova

Literature

Sirin AN, Timerbayeva KM (1959) Eruption of Koriaksky volcano in the beginning of 1957. Bulletin of the volcanological station 28: 3-20 [In Russian]

Masurenkov YuP, Puzankov MYu, Yegorova IA (1991) Koryaksky volcano. In: Fedotov and Masurenkov (Eds) Active volcanoes of Kamchatka. Nauka Publishers. Moscow. Pp. 230-243

Melekestsev IV, Sulerzhitsky LD, Bazanova LI, Braitseva OA, Florenskaya NI (1996) Holocene catastrophic lahars at Avacha and Koryaksky volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 17: 561-570

Melekestsev IV (1997) Koryakskiy volcano, Kamchatka: Eruption of 1895-1896 was a misinterpretation. Volcanology and Seismology 18: 135-

Bazanova LI, Puzankov MYu,  Braitseva OA, Melekestsev IV, Sulerzhitsky LD (1998) The active Koriaksky volcano (Kamchatka, Russia): new data on the dynamics of activity in Holocene. Abstracts of the International Workshop on Kamchatka-Aleutian subduction processes, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, July 1-9, p.20

Gordeev EI and Senyukov SL (1999) Renewal of seismic activity on Koryaksky volcano in 1994: Hybrid seismic events and their use for volcanic hazard assessment. Volcanology and Seismology 20: 507-524