Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
Kamchatka, Russia
 

The largest explosive eruptions in Kamchatka during the last 10000 years

 

 

Source volcano

(tephra code)

Average 14C age,

yrs.  B.P. 1

Calendar age, yr.2

Volume of

tephra, km

 

Kurile Lake-Iliinsky caldera (KO)

761816

BC 6463 (6455) 6435

140-170

Ksudach (KS1)

180616

AD 147 (236) 317

18-19

Khangar  (KHG)

687215

BC 5726 (5699) 5675

14-16

Karymsky caldera (KRM)

788967

BC 7008 (6642) 6495

13-16

Opala, Baranii

Amphitheater crater (OP)

147818

AD 550 (606) 638

9-10

Avachinsky  (I AV2)

715151

BC 6110 (5977) 5875

8-10

Ksudach  (KS2)

600738

BC 4956 (4907) 4797

7-8

Kizimen (KZ)

753137

BC 6423 (6377) 6225

4-5

Avachinsky  (AV1)

351218

BC 1886 (1873, 1839,

 1812, 1807, 1781) 1748

4

Shiveluch (SH2)

96516

AD 1021 (1034) 1157

2

Shiveluch (SH3)

140427

AD 614 (653) 670

2

Ksudach, Stübel cone (KSht3)

-

AD 1907

1.5-2

Ksudach  (KS4)

882640

BC 8005 (7922) 7702

1.5-2

Shiveluch (SHdv)

410531

BC 2866 (2616) 2504

1.5

Khodutkinsky crater (KHD)

250631*

BC 791 (762, 624, 598) 428

1-1.5

Iliinsky  (ZLT)

4800*

~BC 3500

1.2-1.4

Avachinsky  (AV4)

548927

BC 4360 (4342)4262

1.34

Bezymianny  (B1956)

-

AD 1956

1.2-1.3

Avachinsky  (AV3)

448231

BC 3339 (3261, 3244,

3101) 3034

1.1

Shiveluch (SH1)

26518

AD 1641 (1652) 1663

1

Shiveluch (SH1450)

1450

~AD 628

1

Shiveluch (SH5)

255346

BC 807 (780) 524

1

Shiveluch (SH2800)

2800

~BC 922

1

Shiveluch  (SH1854)

-

AD 1854

~1

Chasha crater (OPtr)

462890

BC 3634 (3366) 3046

0.9-1

Ksudach, Stübel cone (KSht1)

109031

AD 889 (978) 1015

0.8-1

Ksudach  (KS3)

628423

BC 5268 (5251) 5147

0.5-1

Shiveluch (SH1964)

-

AD 1964

0.6-0.8

Avachinsky  (AV2)

4020 49

BC 2850(2558, 2530, 2497)2409

0.6

 
 

 

1 Radiocarbon ages have been obtained by averaging multiple individual radiocarbon dates according to the technique by Stuiver and Reimer, 1993; Stuiver et al., 1998.

 

2 Average radiocarbon ages have been calibrated to calendar ages according to the technique by Stuiver and Reimer, 1993; Stuiver et al., 1998. Calendar ages are given at 2σ interval.

 

The data are from the following sources:

 

Bazanova LI, Pevzner MM (2001) Khangar: One more active volcano in Kamchatka. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences, Volume 377A, March-April, p. 307-310

 

Braitseva OA, Sulerzhitsky LD, Ponomareva VV, Melekestsev IV (1997) Geochronology of the greatest Holocene explosive eruptions in Kamchatka and their imprint on the Greenland glacier shield. Transactions (Doklady) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections. 352/1: 138-140

 

Braitseva OA, Bazanova LI, Melekestsev IV, Sulerzhitsky LD (1998) Largest Holocene eruptions of Avachinsky volcano, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 20: 1-27

 

Melekestsev IV, Braitseva OA, Ponomareva VV, Sulerzhitsky LD (1996) Holocene catastrophic caldera forming eruptions of Ksudach volcano, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology, 17, 395-421

 

Melekestsev IV, Braitseva OA, Bazanova LI, Ponomareva VV, Sulerzhitsky LD (1996) A particular type of catastrophic explosive eruptions with reference to the Holocene subcaldera eruptions at Khangar, Khodutka  Maar, and Baraniy Amfiteatr volcanoes in Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology, 18, 135-160

 

Pevzner MM, Ponomareva VV, Melekestsev IV (1998) Chernyi Yar - reference section of the Holocene ash markers at the northeastern coast of Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 19/4: 389-406

 

Ponomareva VV, Pevzner MM, Melekestsev IV (1998) Large debris avalanches and associated eruptions in the Holocene eruptive history of Shiveluch volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Bulletin of Volcanology, 59/7: 490-505

 

Volynets ON, Ponomareva VV, Braitseva OA, Melekestsev IV, and Chen.Ch.H (1999) Holocene eruptive history of Ksudach volcanic massif, South Kamchatka: evolution of a large magmatic chamber. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 91: 23-42

 

Zaretskaia NE, Ponomareva VV, Sulerzhitsky LD, Dirksen OV (2001) Radiocarbon dating of the Kurile Lake caldera eruption (South Kamchatka, Russia). Geochronometria 20: 95-102 

 

* - unpublished data of N.Zaretskaia and V.Ponomareva

References

Stuiver M, Reimer PJ, Bard E, Beck JW, Burr GS, Hughen KA, Kromer B, McCormac G, van der Plicht J, Spurk M (1998) INTCAL98 Radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000-0 Cal BP. Radiocarbon 40 (3): 1041-1085

Stuiver M and Reimer PJ (1993) Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration program. Radiocarbon 35: 215-230